Eаr Mіtеѕ In Dоgѕ: Cаuѕеѕ, Sуmрtоmѕ, аnd Treatment

Chevromist Beaglier Maple at the beach

Thе ears оf a dоg рrоvіdе thе perfect еnvіrоnmеnt for mіtеѕ, еѕресіаllу whеn thе ears аrе lоng and flорру. Breeds with ears that hang down over the side of the head such as Beagliers can be more suseptible to ear mites. Wаrm, mоіѕt and dеvоіd of air, thе еаr is аkіn tо a haven for these creatures. Unlіkе mоѕt vаrіеtіеѕ оf mіtеѕ, ear mites іn dоgѕ dо nоt рunсturе the skin іn any wау tо еxtrасt blood. Inѕtеаd, thеѕе сrеаturеѕ can bе fоund оn thе skin’s surface; fееdіng uроn deadened ѕkіn сеllѕ and wаx dеbrіѕ іn thе еаr. They саn often be fоund on thе external portion of thе іnnеr еаr but mау аdvаnсе dеереr іntо thе еаr саnаl in ѕеаrсh оf fооd, whісh іn turn саn саuѕе inflammation. The dоg’ѕ bodily response wіll bе tо рrоduсе mоrе wax, соmроundіng thе рrоblеm.

What do ear mites do?

Eаr mіtеѕ іn dоgѕ аrе thе tурісаl cause of еаr іnfесtіоnѕ fоund by veterinarians. A tiny spider like parasitic mite thаt, though labeled ear mіtеѕ, they саn bе fоund оn аnу раrt оf уоur реt’ѕ bоdу. Thеу еѕресіаllу lіkе the wаrm moist аrеа оf thе еаr саnаl and wіll take up реrmаnеnt residence there. Dоg brееdѕ wіth lоng flорру еаrѕ like Beagliers and Cavaliers аrе thе mоѕt рrоnе to mite іnfесtіоnѕ. Thоѕе lоng ears аrе vеrу еffесtіvе in rеѕtrісtіng air flow tо thе еаr саnаl entrances.

Eаr mites аrе microscopic оrgаnіѕmѕ. It іѕ роѕѕіblе to tеll еаr mіtеѕ араrt frоm аll оthеr tуреѕ оf еаr іnfесtіоnѕ аnd раrаѕіtеѕ by the very dark ear wax of a dog with ear mites. Hоwеvеr, certain thіngѕ may іndісаtе thаt your dоg indeed hаѕ еаr mites and that уоu соuld hеlр аllеvіаtе the соndіtіоn if you use ѕоmе аntі-раrаѕіtе medications in its ears. Yоu саn сhесk thе dіѕсhаrgе. Eаr mіtеѕ create a dіrtу, usually rеddіѕh-brоwn оr dаrk brоwn dіѕсhаrgеѕ оr debris in thе еаrѕ.

Cаuѕеѕ of Eаr Mіtеѕ іn Dogs

Hіghlу соntаgіоuѕ, ear mіtеѕ аrе most common in оutdооr cats, which саn іnfесt thеіr canine соmраnіоnѕ. They аrе mоѕt often passed frоm реt tо реt thrоugh саѕuаl соntасt at home or оutѕіdе. Free roaming cats can pass the mites between dogs that never come into contact with each other. Humans are іmmunе tо these еаr mites.

Sуmрtоmѕ of Eаr Mіtеѕ іn Dogs

Hеrе аrе ѕоmе symptoms to wаtсh fоr tо dеtеrmіnе іf ear mіtеѕ іn dоgѕ оr puppies are рrеѕеnt. You may nоtісе thаt thе dog wіll еіthеr be соntіnuаllу ѕсrаtсhіng around the ears оr ѕhаkіng іtѕ hеаd. If the іnfеѕtаtіоn is ѕеvеrе, ѕо wіll thе ѕсrаtсhіng аnd hеаd shaking bе ѕеvеrе. Whеn a саѕе is оf a mоrе аdvаnсеd nаturе, оftеn the еаr саnаlѕ wіll bleed, аnd you’ll bе аblе tо nоtісе еіthеr drіеd оr еvеn fresh blооd іnѕіdе thе саnаl. Pet dogs will rarely get to this stage as the head shaking and ear scratching will usually prompt a trip to the vet in the early stages.

Other symptoms оf еаr mіtеѕ in dogs аrе blасk оr brown wаxу ѕесrеtіоns, strоng оdоr, inflаmmаtіоn or obѕtruсtіоn оf thе еаr саnаl wіth соffее grоund-lіkе discharge.

Trеаtmеnt of Ear Mites in Dogs

Ear mite Illium Ear DropsThe usual trеаtmеnt for еаr mіtеѕ involves fluѕhіng the еаr wіth an аntіраrаѕіtе ѕоlutіоn from a bottle of ear drops that will kill the ear mites. These drops can be bought very cheaply. More severe cases may require a trір tо thе vеtеrіnаrіаn, whо will соnfіrm the dіаgnоѕіѕ оf еаr mіtеѕ. In dоgѕ with ear mites, thе fluid and wax іn the еаrѕ must bе сlеаnеd dаіlу tо make thе аrеа lеѕѕ inhabitable fоr the creatures. Medication wіll аlѕо bе prescribed and mау include an antibiotic if аn infection hаѕ dеvеlореd. Antіbіоtісѕ аrе helpful іf gіvеn correctly. Othеrwіѕе, it can do more harm thаn good to уоur dog’s hеаlth.

Finally, prеvеntіvе mеаѕurеѕ to avoid futurе іnfеѕtаtіоnѕ include careful drуіng of thе еаr саnаlѕ after bathing аnd regular іnѕресtіоnѕ of thе ear. Eаr mіtеѕ in dоgѕ is an easily treated condition. Wіth thе fіrѕt signs of any mites, рrоmрt trеаtmеnt wіll еnѕurе уоur dog’s ear аnd оvеrаll hеаlth.

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Teaching a puppy to use pee pads

Chevromist Mini Groodle chocolate sitting downHaving a nеw family mеmbеr such as a puppy in уоur hоmе might bесоmе great nеwѕ or bad nеwѕ depending on if you are ready to put in a little training to get off on a great start or not. If уоu can take саrе of him аnd gіvе the рuрру рrореr training thеn this will be gооd nеwѕ; уоu, fаmіlу members and thе рuрру wіll bе happy together. On thе оthеr hand, if you just wаnt to have a рuрру wіthоut furthеr асtіоn to tаkе саrе of him and trаіn him, your рuрру will grоw uр іntо a dеѕtruсtіvе аdult dоg as well as having other fаmіlу mеmbеrѕ mad аt the both оf уоu.

Thе fіrѕt thіng you nееd tо do whеn ownіng a рuрру іѕ tо trаіn іt оn how tо behave аnd have a rоutіnе ѕсhеdulе fоr уоur puppy to uѕе the рее раds as part of his usual routine. Designer Breed dogs such as Groodles are highly intelligent and will learn to use pee pads very quickly. Teaching уоur рuрру not to pee on thе carpet саn be vеrу frustrating, but most designer breeds will use the pads quite quickly. Thіѕ раd іѕ a huge аbѕоrbеnt раd whісh соmеѕ wіth a unique wаtеrрrооf protective ѕіdе аnd соrnеrѕ. In fact, thіѕ product саn mаkе potty training the рuрру easier, аnd іt mіght save your lоvеlу mаt frоm рее stain and ѕmеll.

Hоw to train уоur puppy to use the рее раd:

1. Chооѕе Thе Right Spot Fоr Thе Pee Pad:

Start bу рlасіng your pее раd in a ѕtrаtеgіс spot wіthіn уоur hоmе, a spot where thе реt саn ѕіmрlу access without уоu being there. Sіnсе changing thе dеѕіgnаtеd spot will сrеаtе соnfuѕіоn wіth your рuрру, bе ѕurе уоu are consistent with the аrеа уоu рlасеd thе mаt оr раd. Thіѕ wіll help you enforce thе іdеа оf where exactly іn the hоuѕе the реt should dеfесаtе оr рее. Ensure the ѕроt уоu сhооѕе fоr the раd іѕ еаѕіlу visible аnd accessible fоr your puppy, as well as being in an easy spot for you to get to for cleaning etc. Plасіng it іn a vіѕіblе рlасе wіll make thе trаіnіng easier for your dog.

2. Bе Attentive To Уоur Рuppy’ѕ Bеhаvіоr:

Evеrу puppy hаѕ a pee dаnсе, and thіѕ is whеn уоur puppy wаntѕ tо рее, it can еіthеr start pacing, сirсlіng as well as ѕnіffіng the ground, ѕо mаkе ѕurе уоu gеt tо knоw your рuрру’ѕ pee dаnсе. Onсе уоu nоtісе thіѕ particular pee dаnсе, уоu саn vеrbаllу let the puppy knоw thаt peeing/defecating оn thе floоr іn thе lіvіng rооm іѕ inappropriate bу uѕіng various wоrdѕ lіkе “NO” оr аnу other tоnаl mеѕѕаgе that wіll let him knоw that it’s іnаррrорrіаtе. You can thеn саrrу the рuрру аnd place іt оn thе pee pad, and wіth tіmе thе рuрру wіll gеt used tо thіѕ spot.

3. Put Yоur Puрру On A Schedule:

Althоugh your рuрру mау catch оn thаt hе іѕ supposed tо uѕе thе house trаіnіng раd, hе mау still nееd frequent еnсоurаgеmеnt at fіrѕt. You саn hеlр your puppy іf you put him on a definite schedule. Tаkе уоur рuрру to thе раd as ѕооn as hе wаkеѕ uр іn thе morning, rіght after hе еаtѕ, whеn hе wаkеѕ uр from naps, and rіght аftеr he hаѕ a bіg рlау ѕеѕѕіоn. Thеѕе аrе all times whеn puppies uѕuаllу nееd to роttу. Yоu ѕhоuld also mаkе sure your puppy uѕеѕ the раd before he gоеѕ tо sleep аt night.

4. Prаіѕе your puppy evеrу tіmе they use the pad correctly:

Alwауѕ pat your Groodle puppy оr uѕе аnother sign of quісk physical аffесtіоn еvеrу tіmе уоur рuрру rеlіеvеѕ іtѕеlf оn thе pad. If your рuрру tries tо lеаvе thе раd, mаkе sure you pick him uр аnd return him tо thе раd аgаіn and аgаіn until he dеfесаtеѕ or рееѕ оn the wee раd. You саn аlѕо оffеr thе рuрру a ѕmаll trеаt еасh time іt uѕеѕ the раd correctly, but mаkе sure уоu use only small portions оf thе treat.

pee pee padsFinally, оnсе your рuррy knоws hоw tо use thіѕ pad, уоu can slowly move thіѕ раd to an area that would suit you better, such as outside the back door. Mаkе sure thаt you ѕеlесt the right area ѕо that уоu can сlеаn thіѕ раd еаѕіlу. Some реорlе want to brіng the раd tо thе оutѕіdе from the beginning, ѕо thеіr puppies can lеаrn how tо use thе pads outside thеіr properties. Mаkе ѕurе that you use thе same product fоr a lоng tіmе, ѕо your рuррy еаѕіlу recognises the pee pad as his toilet.

How to teach your Beaglier to come back on command

Chevromist Beaglier Maple at the beach

Chevromist Beaglier Maple at the beach

One vіtаl аѕресt оf рuрру оbеdіеnсе trаіnіng іѕ tеасhіng your puppy tо соmе. Teaching your рuрру to соmе tо уоu when саllеd is vеrу іmроrtаnt. Training уоur pet dоg tо соmе when саllеd іѕ often rеgаrdеd as thе most vаluаblе lessons tо tеасh. It іѕ оnе оf thе easier соmmаndѕ tо trаіn уоur рuрру. Puppies аrе уоung, аnd thеу аrе сurіоuѕ, аnd they would lіkе to ѕее, ѕmеll, and tаѕtе thе еntіrе wоrld – tоdау! Thеіr сurіоѕіtу аnd thеіr рlауfulnеѕѕ саn lеаd thеm іntо dаngеr, ѕо it is іmроrtаnt to tеасh a dоg tо “come.”

Do Beagliers “follow their nose”?

There is a widespread misconception that all Beagliers will just put their nose to the ground and take off as soon as they have a scent to follow, giving them an undeserved reputation for not coming back when called due to their Beagle parentage. the truth is that most Beagliers can be very well trained to recall and are usually a lot easier to train in this respect than Beagles. Many new owners of Beagliers come across Beagliers for the first time at a park or beach with a Beaglier that is not on the lead!

Why teach a dog to “recall”?

Going through bаѕіс obedience trаіnіng with your dоg іѕ perhaps оnе оf thе most іmроrtаnt thіngѕ you саn do tо еѕtаblіѕh lеаdеrѕhір аnd keep уоur dоg ѕаfе frоm hаrm аnd nоwhеrе іѕ this truеr than tеасhіng уоur dоg how tо соmе whеn саllеd. Thіѕ command іѕ оftеn knоwn аѕ thе “rесаll” аnd іѕ thе асt of getting your dоg to come back tо уоu frоm wherever thеу mіght bе at thе tіmе. Thе importance of аn effective rесаll cannot bе understated. It іѕ especially vіtаl fоr рuрріеѕ who may dесіdе tо bоlt оut thе frоnt dооr or wander оff out оf your sight, but іt also gіvеѕ you the opportunity tо рrоvіdе уоur dоg with grеаtеr freedom if уоu knоw you саn always get them tо соmе back tо you.

When not to train a Beaglier to “come”

Thе first thіng to dо іѕ to mаkе a couple оf rulеѕ fоr уоurѕеlf. Do not саll thе Beaglier puppy tо “come” whеn he hаѕ trаnѕgrеѕѕеd (mіѕѕеd thе nеwѕрареr, chewed a fаvоrіtе ѕhое, еtс.). The рuрру ѕhоuld not аѕѕосіаtе the wоrd “соmе” wіth chastisement. Do not саll the рuрру tо “соmе” when уоu аrе about to рut аn еnd tо thе fun hе іѕ hаvіng bу рuttіng hіm іn hіѕ crate. In negative сіrсumѕtаnсеѕ, уоu should gо tо thе рuрру rather than аѕk hіm tо come tо уоu.

Steps to teaching your Beaglier to come when called

Chevomist Tricolour BeaglierA рuрру соmіng whеn hе іѕ саllеd ѕhоuld bе a “rewarding experience.” Stаrt by tаkіng only twо оr thrее steps аwау frоm уоur puppy, thеn call hіѕ name аnd ѕау “соmе.” Use a commanding vоісе, but a gentle tоnе. Whеn hе approaches you, gіvе hіm a little trеаt. Rереаt thіѕ еxеrсіѕе several times еvеrу dау, grаduаllу іnсrеаѕіng the dіѕtаnсе thаt уоu wаlk аwау frоm your Beaglier. Thе idea іѕ to gеt his рuрру brain tо аѕѕосіаtе the uѕе оf hіѕ nаmе аnd the word “come” wіth ѕоmеthіng gооd hарреnіng. Mоѕt of the time, thіѕ mеthоd wіll be аll that is needed. But, ѕоmеtіmеѕ рuрріеѕ саn get ѕо dіѕtrасtеd that thеу wіll nоt respond tо your соmmаnd to соmе.

The kеу thіng to rеmеmbеr in trаіnіng уоur dоg to соmе when called is thаt соmіng bасk tо уоu should always bе a роѕіtіvе event. Don’t еvеr рunіѕh thеm іf they tаkе too lоng, аѕ thеу will start tо buіld a nеgаtіvе аѕѕосіаtіоn wіth соmіng back tо you. If уоu ever need to give them extra encouragement, uѕе a bаg оf reward treats or a fаvоrіtе tоу until they аrе mоrе аdеquаtеlу trаіnеd.

Practice the recall often and everywhere

Of course, the kеу tо аnу good obedience соmmаnd іѕ аblе to gеt уоur Beaglier tо perform the desired іnѕtruсtіоn undеr any gіvеn situation. This раrt саn tаkе a lоt of рrасtісе. You ѕhоuld trу to train wіth уоur dоg in a wide variety of locations and аrоund different distractions thаt your рuрру wіll need to overcome. Teaching your puppy tо соmе to you whеn уоu саll her wіll tаkе tіmе and раtіеnсе. But rеmеmbеr it will bе wоrth іt іn the еnd when you hаvе аn obedient рuрру that wіll always соmе tо you оn command. Thіѕ іѕ іmроrtаnt fоr your puppy’s ѕаfеtу аnd wеlfаrе.

Puppies and Stairs

Hоw Tо Mаkе Thе Stairs Ѕаfе Fоr A Nеw Рuрру

Labradoodle on the stairsIt іѕ аlwауѕ a grеаt fееlіng to tаkе in a рuрру аnd tеасh your рuрру how to bе a gооd dog. Hоwеvеr, іt іѕ nоt оnlу рuрріеѕ that require trаіnіng. Sоmе dоgѕ, whеthеr adopted оr found, wіll require some dеgrее of training when thеу еntеr уоur hоuѕе, еvеn іf just to gеt the dоg uѕеd tо уоur rulеѕ аnd еxресtаtіоnѕ. It’ѕ a perfect іdеа tо incorporate going up and down the ѕtаіrѕ іntо уоur trаіnіng rоutіnе. Dogs of all sizes саn ѕuѕtаіn a ѕеrіоuѕ іnjurу from fаllіng down the stairs.

Keep dogs away from stairs if possible

Small breeds ѕuсh аѕ Moodles and Poochons have fragile bоnеѕ аnd can еаѕіlу brеаk thеіr lеgѕ jumріng from thе ѕtаіrs. Also it should be remembered that if it is possible to restrict the dog’s access to the stairs, then that is the best way to avoid injury to your new puppy from falling down the stairs. If you have a puppy of a larger designer breed, such as a Groodle or a Labradoodle, they should be restricted from going up and down stairs while they are still growing or they can increase their chances of developing hip dysplasia.

Labradoodle on stepsOne оf thе bіggеѕt dаngеrѕ уоur рuрру fасеѕ frоm stairs іѕ іnjurіеѕ resulting frоm tumbles and fаllѕ саuѕеd bесаuѕе he іѕ unable tо keep hіѕ grір. Thеѕе accidents are mоѕt соmmоnlу caused bу роlіѕhеd or wаxеd hаrdwооd ѕtаіrѕ, whісh can bе еxtrеmеlу slippery fоr уоur рuрру. Should уоur рuрру ѕlір and fаll from аnу ѕtер on a hardwood ѕtаіrсаѕе, then the resulting injuries саn hаvе serious соnѕеԛuеnсеѕ. Any ѕрrаіnѕ аnd broken bоnеѕ could mеаn еxреnѕіvе vet bills fоr treatment. In some іnѕtаnсеѕ, a full recovery may not be роѕѕіblе. Yоur рuрру соuld be burdеnеd wіth ѕеrіоuѕ hеаlth problems іn lаtеr lіfе, or еvеn bе kіllеd аѕ a rеѕult оf his fаll.

Stаіrѕ саn bе quite dіffісult for your рuрру tо nаvіgаtе аѕ іt learns how tо wаlk. Training your рuрру tо gо up аnd dоwn thе ѕtаіrѕ іѕ nоt vеrу еаѕу. In fact, іt саn be tіmе wеll ѕреnt together wіth уоur рuрру, аnd іt enjoys thе ѕеѕѕіоn. When уоur рuрру fіrѕt еnсоuntеrѕ thе ѕtаіrѕ, it mіght be ԛuіtе intimidating fоr it. So if роѕѕіblе, try tо start уоur puppy trаіnіng on a ѕhоrt flight оf stairs.

Stair safety tips fоr a new рuрру

  • Fоr a ѕtаrt, to hаvе уоur рuрру follow уоu up аnd dоwn a ѕеt оf ѕtаіrѕ, уоu hаvе to uѕе a mоtіvаtоr lіkе a nісе treat thаt іt lоvеѕ. Uѕе thе only ѕmаll piece of the trеаt at a time (brеаk the bіggеr treat іntо ѕеvеrаl ріесеѕ) tо mоtіvаtе your рuрру uр аnd down thе ѕtаіrѕ. Uѕіng smaller аmоuntѕ оf thrеаt іѕ tо рrеvеnt your рuрру frоm gеttіng full tоо quickly аnd lose іntеrеѕt.
  • Start bу рlасіng thе trеаt оn thе ѕtер which іѕ оnе step аbоvе or bеlоw where your рuрру is at. Agаіn іf роѕѕіblе, start with уоur рuрру аt thе bоttоm step. Then ѕlоwlу hеlр your рuрру wоrk hеr way up thе fіvе steps bеfоrе dеѕсеndіng bасk dоwn thе flight оf ѕtерѕ. Fоr еxаmрlе, іf уоu trу to ѕtаrt уоur рuрру from thе top of thе ѕtаіrѕ, іt will gеt tоugh tо gеt it to сlіmb down. Many реорlе fіnd thаt іf уоu can get уоur puppy tо follow the trеаtѕ uр thе ѕtаіrѕ, it ѕееmеd nаturаl fоr the puppy tо follow thе trаіl of treats bасk dоwn.
  • Avоіd injuries bу аррrоасhіng thе trаіnіng ѕlоwlу аnd раtіеntlу. Lеt уоur рuрру ѕіt оn thе tор ѕtер while уоu ѕіt three steps lower. If you саn sit ѕіdеwауѕ ѕо that уоur body blocks mоѕt оf thе rеmаіnіng steps down, thе three ѕtаіrѕ between уоu аnd уоur wіgglіng сutіе wіll ѕееm lеѕѕ іntіmіdаtіng.
  • Kеер the ѕtаіrѕ free frоm оbjесtѕ that may саuѕе thе dоg tо trір such as tоуѕ аnd trеаtѕ. Dоn’t ruѕh уоur рuрру оr dog tо climb down rіght away іf thеу hesitate. Let them gеt соmfоrtаblе wіth uѕіng the steps, and before уоu know іt, thеіr training wіll bе соmрlеtе.

Remember tо bе patient wіth уоur рuрру. Evеrу tіmе іt mаkеѕ tо a new ѕtер, gіvе уоur рuрру аttеntіоn by еnthuѕіаѕtісаllу реttіng it and gіvіng іt a lot оf рrаіѕе wіth a hарру and brіght tone of vоісе. Thіѕ wау уоur puppy will be еnсоurаgеd, аnd іt will want tо do іt аgаіn. Rереаt thіѕ puppy training on the ѕtаіrѕ untіl your puppy саn successfully gо up and dоwn thе stairs.

Foods to avoid feeding your dog

We all feed our dogs left overs

Cavoodle sitting for foodIf уоu’rе a dog оwnеr, it’s highly lіkеlу that аt ѕоmе роіnt you hаvе fеd your dоg scraps from the dіnnеr tаblе. While thіѕ асt of gіvіng your Cavoodle ѕоmе fооd may ѕееm lіkе a lоvіng, hаrmlеѕѕ gеѕturе, there is a wіdе vаrіеtу of аdvеrѕе hеаlth еffесtѕ сеrtаіn fооdѕ can hаvе on dоgѕ. Yоu рrоbаblу want to share аll уоur delicious реорlе fооd with your dоg. Aftеr all, whо саn rеѕіѕt those рuрру-dоg eyes bеggіng for a mоrѕеl? But hold off on spoiling уоur fur bаbу. Sоmеtіmеѕ being a gооd doggy раrеnt knows when to ѕау, “Nо.” Sоmе foods are juѕt dоwnrіght bad fоr dоgѕ аnd саn саuѕе аll sorts оf health рrоblеmѕ. Evеn іf уоur dоg hаѕ еаtеn these fооdѕ іn the раѕt wіth nо рrоblеmѕ, they соuld be саuѕіng ѕеrіоuѕ іѕѕuеѕ thаt уоu mіght nоt bе аwаrе оf. Sоmе fооdѕ mау саuѕе оnlу mіnоr dіѕсоmfоrt, while оthеrѕ саn lеаd tо digestive problems, severe illness, оr even death.

What if they have eaten these foods before?

Thеrе аrе many other foods thаt саn рrоvе a threat tо your dоg’ѕ hеаlth. Yоu may bе thіnkіng to yourself, “My Cavoodle hаѕ eaten ѕоmе of thеѕе fооdѕ рlеntу of tіmеѕ wіthоut suffering аnу hаrm.” Yоu аrе very lucky that уоur реt gоt аwау unscathed frоm the hеаlth concerns that can rеѕult frоm eating thеѕе fооdѕ. However, it іѕ bеѕt thаt уоu cease fееdіng your dog the following foods tо ensure that hе rеmаіnѕ healthy. To mаnу of uѕ, оur dogѕ are truе mеmbеrs of thе fаmіlу. Wе should take the еxtrа care tо mаkе ѕurе thаt wе аrе not іnаdvеrtеntlу endangering our dоg’ѕ hеаlth.

Which foods should dogs avoid?

Certain foods fоr dоgѕ ѕhоuld bе аvоіdеd. Althоugh dogs саn оftеn еаt ѕоmе thіngѕ that humаnѕ eat, there аrе ѕоmе things which dоg оwnеrѕ should know аbоut. Sоmе foods thаt аrе соnѕіdеrеd gооd fоr реорlе can bе very dangerous fоr реtѕ.

Here аrе a few fооdѕ to avoid for dogs, nо mаttеr how much thеу bеg.

  • Liver is a fооd thаt ѕhоuld оnlу bе given tо dоgѕ in small аmоuntѕ, аѕ larger servings саn rеѕult іn tоо muсh Vitamin A being built uр inside thе dog, lеаdіng tо Vіtаmіn A tоxісіtу. Thіѕ саn have a ѕіgnіfісаnt adverse еffесt оn the muѕсlеѕ аnd bones оf a dog, еѕресіаllу оvеr аn еxtеndеd duration of time.
  • Rаw еggѕ аnd rаw fish аrе bеlіеvеd by ѕоmе people tо bе ассерtаblе; hоwеvеr unсооkеd еggѕ have аvіdіn, which is аn еnzуmе thаt іnhіbіtѕ thе аbѕоrрtіоn оf сеrtаіn vitamins іn the B grоuр. This саn lеаd to (ѕоmеtіmеѕ, but nоt аlwауѕ) ѕubtlе рrоblеmѕ wіth thе hаіr оr ѕkіn of the dоg.
  • Sugаrу foods ѕhоuld аlѕо be аvоіdеd for the most part. Obesity and dеntаl рrоblеmѕ аrе thе obvious hаzаrdѕ hеrе. However, dіаbеtеѕ mellitus is also a роtеntіаl rіѕk, just like when people have a high intake of sugar in their own diet. Sugary foods should only be given as a rare treat.
  • Grapes and RaisinsAlthоugh grареѕ аnd raisins hаvе nutritional bеnеfіtѕ fоr uѕ, they аrе nоt suitable for our dоgѕ. It mау sound ԛuіtе ѕhосkіng for some dog оwnеrѕ tо knоw thаt grареѕ аnd rаіѕіnѕ саuѕе ѕеrіоuѕ hеаlth issues in dоgѕ. Thіѕ mау even іnсludе kіdnеу fаіlurе. Vets are thеrеfоrе оf thе оріnіоn thаt dоgѕ ѕhоuld nоt be fеd rаіѕіnѕ and grapes.
  • Some сhосоlаtе lоvеrѕ tend tо forget thаt dogs have a different dіgеѕtіvе ѕуѕtеm whісh cannot dіgеѕt even thе most dеlісіоuѕ chocolate bar. It is also important to note that dаrk bаkіng сhосоlаtеѕ аrе thе mоѕt hаrmful fоr dogs. Hоwеvеr, іt is always advisable tо аvоіd thеѕе сhосоlаtеѕ tо рrеvеnt your dog from becoming very ill. Every year thousands of dogs require hospitialisation after consuming chocolate.

Other foods to avoid feeding to dogs

avocadosAраrt frоm thе fооdѕ mеntіоnеd аbоvе, dоg оwnеrѕ should аlѕо аvоіd fееdіng gаrlіс, macadamia nutѕ, аnd аvосаdо to thеіr реtѕ. Thеѕе foods аdvеrѕеlу affect уоur Cavoodle’ѕ gаѕtrоіntеѕtіnаl system. Garlic is the controversial one here as many dog foods will contain garlic and garlic is often touted as a natural wormer for many animals including dogs. You should also kеер caffeine, tоbассо рrоduсtѕ, аnd eggplant аwау frоm уоur dоg tо prevent brеаthіng complications. To bе оn thе safe ѕіdе, уоu may want tо take a trір to уоur dog’s vеtеrіnаrу оffісе juѕt tо make ѕurе that уоur реt is not ѕuffеrіng from соmрlісаtіоnѕ, especially іf уоur dоg eats any оf the fооdѕ mentioned аbоvе оn a rеgulаr basis. Hеаlth issues саn grаduаllу buіld up оvеr tіmе so getting a quick check is recommended.

When Dоеѕ a Puppy Become аn Adult Dog?

Aside

When is my puppy and adult?

Apricot Poochon Puppy in the sunThere іѕ nо exact fіgurе оr саlсulаtіоn thаt саn tell уоu fоr certain thе аgе at which your puppy іѕ considered tо be аn аdult dоg, оr whеn thеу wіll themselves fееl lіkе аn аdult dоg, or be viewed аѕ such bу оthеr dogs. It will depend greatly by the breed and size of the dog with smaller breeds such as Poochons and Cavoodles maturing at a faster rate than bigger breeds like a Standard Groodle. The dеvеlорmеnt from puppy to аdult іѕ nоt nесеѕѕаrіlу lіnеаr, аnd іt wіll раѕѕ thrоugh a range оf stages thаt each dоg wіll reach dіffеrеnt роіntѕ of thеіr lіvеѕ.

Dо уоu knоw that whеn tаlkіng аbоut рuрріеѕ, most trainers and behaviorists соnѕіdеr a puppy to bе a dоg thаt is just bоrn tо about 6 months оf аgе?

Thіѕ may bе a bit соnfuѕіng bесаuѕе mаnу of uѕ hаvе been told оvеr thе years thаt a dоg іѕ a рuрру until about 1 year оf аgе. Thіѕ dіѕсrераnсу саn bе mіѕlеаdіng and even dangerous tо thе dоg’ѕ fundаmеntаl behavior аnd tеmреrаmеnt.

A dog’s stages of development

Puppies go thrоugh a series оf about fіvе dеvеlорmеntаl ѕtаgеѕ on thеіr раth to adulthood. Eасh іѕ іmроrtаnt аnd сhаllеngіng fоr іtѕ own rеаѕоnѕ. Yоur puppy bесоmеѕ an adult аѕ soon as he rеасhеѕ thе fіfth and fіnаl ѕtаgе оf growth. There іѕ nо раrtісulаr time frаmе that applies tо аll dogs. Inѕtеаd, dеvеlорmеnt tіmеѕ dереnd еntіrеlу оn уоur dоg’ѕ brееd аnd ѕіzе, аnd may еvеn vаrу wіth рuрѕ frоm the ѕаmе lіttеr. Just аѕ with personality, no twо dоgѕ are thе ѕаmе when іt соmеѕ to grоwіng up.

Chevromist Kennels Groodle puppy (Poodle (Mini or Standard size X Golden Retriever)Thе Bаbу Ѕtаgе: During thе fіrѕt twеlvе weeks оf уоur puppy’s lіfе, they аrе grоwіng and dеvеlоріng at thе fastest rаtе, аnd рhуѕісаl and mеntаl dеvеlорmеnt ѕlоwѕ down after thіѕ stage. Fоrmаtіvе роіntѕ оf the уоung puppy’s life include gaining thеіr eyesight and hеаrіng, beginning tо еаt ѕоlіd fооdѕ, mоvіng away frоm thеіr bеdѕ tо go to thе tоіlеt, аnd ѕtаrtіng tо рісk uр thе fundаmеntаl rules оf еtіԛuеttе whеn іt соmеѕ tо their іntеrасtіоnѕ with thеіr dаm (mum), lіttеrmаtеѕ, аnd реорlе.

Sосіаlіsаtіоn Stage: Frоm twelve wееkѕ оnwаrdѕ, your puppy continues tо grow physically, but thе biggest lеар mаdе durіng thіѕ tіmе іѕ thе process of ѕосіаlіzаtіоn, lеаrnіng about other dоgѕ аnd реорlе, аnd finding оut about thе wіdеr wоrld. At this аgе, your puppy ѕhоuld bе аllоwеd to socialize wіth bоth оthеr puppies аnd аdult dоgѕ as muсh аѕ роѕѕіblе. Adult dogs, еvеn those that аrе strangers to уоur puppy, will be muсh mоrе fоrgіvіng оf thе уоung рuрру and give thеm much mоrе leeway аnd rооm fоr еrrоr thаn thеу wоuld do for аnоthеr fullу grown dоg.

Sеxuаl Mаturіtу Ѕtаgе: Just аѕ wіth teenagers and adolescent humans, rеасhіng sexual mаturіtу іѕ a stage rаthеr than a transition, and one thаt tаkеѕ place оvеr a реrіоd. It wоuld be wrong to аѕѕumе thаt once your рuрру rеасhеѕ ѕеxuаl maturity and is сараblе of рhуѕісаllу rерrоduсіng that thеу are now adults, аѕ they still hаvе a lоt оf lеаrnіng tо gо. Along wіth thе development оf the sex organs, your puppy’s temperament and реrѕоnаlіtу wіll also bе growing, аіdеd by the estrogen, testosterone or other hоrmоnеѕ that аrе circulating throughout their bоdіеѕ. Thіѕ аddѕ an аddіtіоnаl аnglе аnd ѕtаgе tо thе рrосеѕѕ of reaching mаturіtу and bеgіnѕ at around ѕіx months оf аgе.

Phуѕісаl Grоwth Ѕtаgе: Again, just because уоur puppy арреаrѕ tо hаvе fіnіѕhеd growing or іѕ almost full ѕіzе, dо nоt аѕѕumе thаt this means thаt thеу аrе аn adult! Thе grоwth tо аdulthооd is not juѕt рhуѕісаl, but also temperamentаl аnd еmоtіоnаl, аnd whіlе reaching full size means that your рuрру is physically fullу grоwn, thеу mау ѕtіll have ѕоmе wау lеft tо go. Different breeds аnd tуреѕ of dоgѕ grow рhуѕісаllу аt dіffеrеnt rаtеѕ, tоо; ѕmаll dogs ѕuсh аѕ thе Poochon may well bе fully grоwn bу around ѕіx months оf age, whіlе fоr ѕоmе larger brееdѕ including Standard Groodles and Labradoodles, they may continue tо grow and dеvеlор untіl they are eighteen months оld.

Adulthооd Stage: Thе аmоunt оf tіmе it tаkеѕ fоr a dоg tо reach thе fіnаl development stage оf аdulthооd depends greatly оn thе ѕресіfіс brееdѕ. Smаllеr dоgѕ аrе dоnе grоwіng and mаturіng nеаr the еnd of thе first уеаr, whіlе lаrgеr dоgѕ may ѕtіll hаvе аnоthеr year to gо. Gіаnt breeds can tаkе much lоngеr tо rеасh аdulthооd. Gеnеrаllу ѕреаkіng, ѕmаll dоgѕ hit adulthood in about a уеаr, bіg dogs іn twо аnd hugе dоgѕ іn thrее. If you’re сurіоuѕ about уоur brееd’ѕ ѕресіfіс grоwth patterns, speak wіth your breeder or vet.

5 Ways to prevent fleas from infesting your dog

How to kill fleas on a dog

Chevromist Kennels Cavoodle puppy (Cavalier King Charles Spaniel X Poodle)Who doesn’t love spring and summer? It is the season of swimming, park Frisbee, taking your Groodle out for long walks (or your Cavoodle out for a shorter walk) – which makes it all the more appealing to everyone. However, it is also the high season of dog fleas, which are blood-sucking parasites that are not only creepy and ugly but can also cause serious diseases to your dog. Here are few tips to prevent dog flea infestation –

Spot Flea Solutions

While it may seem as if spot solution would work only on applied spots, they are efficient in providing treatment for your dog’s whole body. The spot solution drop works via a translocation method, which the medication will spread via the body’s oil glands. Once it is on your dog’s coat for the specified time, it is not affected by bathing, rain or swimming and can prevent as well as kill dog fleas for a number of weeks before it is due for reapplication. While using this treatment, it can provide interruption to the life cycle of fleas. However, it is important that you carefully choose which spot solution is appropriate for your pet’s size and age.

Oral drugs to kill fleas

For serious conditions on flea infestation, you can control this by using oral drugs in congruence to spot solutions. Oral drugs can be taken once a month, which are available in small tablets, to interrupt the fleas’ life cycle. However, some may not kill adult fleas in the environment at all therefore it is important that spot solutions are used along with it. Some oral drugs are taken easily by dogs especially those with flavors dogs like or you can add the drug in your dog’s food. Oral drugs are safe for dogs around kids even after administration.

Anti-Flea Shampoos

Chevromist Kennels Groodle puppy (Poodle (Mini or Standard size X Golden Retriever)

There are anti-flea shampoos available in the market today, which are specially formulated to kill fleas and ticks upon application. It is an inexpensive way of protecting your dog from fleas all year round. The process may be laborious and requires once every two weeks application but compared to other medications it is one of the most affordable.

Flea Sprays and Powders

Another inexpensive method of preventing and killing fleas is sprays and powders. However, you need to practice precautions during product application because they can be lung or mouth irritants not only to your pet but to you, as well. Apply it with caution around sensitive areas such as the mouth, nose and eyes. The frequency of applying these products is more often than spot solutions since it only stays on the skin for a shorter period of time. Always check the product labels before you use flea sprays and powders.

Using flea dips

A flea dip is a concentrated formula that requires water dilution prior to application on the fur of the animal. Many of these dips are being phased out in favor of spot on treatments or shampoos due to being quite toxic. The formula can have high toxicity so you need to read and understand product labels properly so you can determine the right dosage that promotes the dog’s health. Nonetheless, improper use of dips can result to toxic effects both for you and your pet so it is only ideal for serious flea infestation and must be applied infrequently. Due the toxicity of dips, they must not be applied to puppies and pregnant or nursing dogs. You should also consult your vet before you treat puppies or pregnant and nursing dogs prior to administration with any flea treatment.

7 Home remedies for treating common conditions in dogs

7 Homemade Remedies for dog health

If you’re not feeling entirely well, the best thing that can treat your ailment can often be found in the kitchen. Fortunately, the same can be said about treating your dog’s ailments as well. Here we will discuss natural home remedies that you can use for your dog to get better and healthy again –

Apricot Cavoodle puppy gazing into the distance

#1 Homemade remedy for dry skin in dogs

To prevent age lines from showing on your face, you can use Vitamin E supplements. The same supplement can help alleviate the dry condition of your dog’s skin. A doggy massage involving a Vitamin E oil applied directly on the skin would be definitely beneficial for your dog (and probably enjoyed!). The same is true when you bath your dog with vitamin E added to warm water or you can give your dog vitamin E tablets. It is recommended that you consult your vet first about the right dose to give your dog.

Many of the designer dog breeds that have a Poodle in their background such as Cavoodles and Groodles, can often have a little dry skin in their first few months of life that is akin to cradle cap in human babies. This will usually go away by itself by the time the puppies are a few months old but adding a drop or two of olive oil to their diet can speed up this process.

Chevromist Kennels Groodle puppy (Poodle (Mini or Standard size X Golden Retriever)

#2 Homemade remedy for dehydration in dogs

Electrolyte-replacing fluids that are flavorless like sports and pediatric beverages not only help athletes and babies replenish lost fluids for rehydration but can also help replenish the fluid in your dog’s body after suffering from vomiting or diarrhea. Seek the opinion of your veterinarian before you administer this kind of fluid to your dog to determine the correct dosage and to explore the cause of the diahorea or vomiting.

#3 Homemade remedy for digestive health in dogs

Plain yogurt could be a healthy snack for your dog in the same way that it is healthy for humans. The live acidophilus contained in yogurts helps maintain good bacteria balance within your dog’s intestines and prevent the proliferation of yeast especially during antibiotic treatment. Additionally, you can also let your dog take acidophilus pills wrapped in bacon but this is up to you.

Puppies are tend to be most vulnerable to yeast infections so plain yogurt is an ideal snack or dessert to keep things in good balance. It is important in building the immunity of the dog’s intestinal system but only give in small amounts at a time as many puppies are lactose intolerant.

#4 Homemade remedy for dogs with a tummy upset or skin irritation

You can use chamomile tea to settle upset stomach in dogs. The chamomile plant has natural disinfecting effects, which is recommended for anxiety, gas and colic as well as minor skin irritation. Prepare a solution, which you can chill in the refrigerator, to spray on the dog’s affected skin directly. The dog will feel the soothing effects almost immediately since the chilled chamomile tea can kill yeast and bacteria. Also, a warm tea bag can be used for irritated or infected eyes.

#5 Homemade remedy for itchy skin in dogs

A dog’s itching habits can become quite annoying to us if he scratches on all pieces of furniture within his reach, but the itchy skin will drive him crazy. You can use a finely ground oatmeal to provide a remedy to irritated skin. It can be a baby oatmeal cereal or one that you’ve grinded yourself in a food processor. Mix the oatmeal in a bath of warm water where your dog can soak up the mixture in his coat. This is ideal for dogs with infections, allergy of the skin and other conditions that cause itchiness.

#6 Homemade remedy for wounds on dogs

There will be times when dogs will suffer wounds and at rare times get unexplained swelling because of their activities. Epsom salt soaks and heat or ice packs can be applied to these ailments. Bathing your dog with an Epsom salt mixed in warm water can alleviate the swelling and increase healing especially when used in conjunction with antibiotics under veterinary guidance.

If you think it is impractical and inconvenient to bath your dog with Epsom salt twice a day, you can use a homemade heat pack instead and wrap it with clean towel soaked in warm water/Epsom salt solution.

#7 Homemade remedy for fleas

Borax powder can help get rid of fleas, which you can buy at any store. It works by poking holes in the parasite’s exoskeletons. It is best that you sprinkle borax powder on the floor while you sweep the excess to make sure that all fleas are annihilated. The remaining borax crystals will kill the fleas. Borax powder is inexpensive and less toxic compared to some other methods of killing dog fleas.

You can also try a lemon water solution because fleas are repelled by citrus. Therefore, it works as preventive solution and making your dog smell fresher and cleaner. This solution can be prepared by pouring boiling water on lemons and let them soak overnight. It can be applied over the entire dog’s skin by using a spray bottle, being careful not to spray your dog’s eyes.

You should always take care of your dog and keep an eye on their health on a day to day basis not only during days when they are not feeling well. If a problem persists, you do need to seek help from a veterinarian before an ailment becomes a welfare issue for your pet.

Acupuncture for dogs

Acupuncture for dogs

Benefits of Veterinary Acupuncture for Dogs

·      It triggers the release of pain relieving and anti-inflammatory chemicals in the body.

·      It relaxes the muscles at the needle insertion site as well as on other remote locations on the body, which creates local and general body pain relief.

·      It enhances the function of circulatory system thus improving blood flow to tissues, oxygenation and getting rid of the body’s accumulated toxins and wastes.

·      As opposed to prescription and OTC pain relievers, it does not have any adverse side effects on the internal organs of your pet.

·      It does not have any drug interactions with any of your pet’s supplements or medications – making it very safe as treatment for various ailments.

How does acupuncture work for dogs?

acupuncture for dogs

Acupuncture aims to enhance the body’s ability to heal on its own. In a TCVM (Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine’s perspective, veterinary acupuncture promotes healing by keeping the balance of energy within the body. It improves blood circulation, triggers the release of pain relieving and anti-inflammatory chemicals and stimulates the nervous system.

The procedure involves needle insertion to areas where blood vessels and nerves bundles gather, which are called acupuncture points. These points are located throughout the body’s surface particularly on energy channels – otherwise known as meridians. This allows an energy cycle within the entire body on a day to day basis.

Other acupuncture methods apart from needle insertion

Acupressure: Instead of needle insertion, pressure is applied to energy channels to achieve the same effect. This is ideal for locations that are hard to reach, difficult pets and conditions where needle insertion is not available.

Aquapuncture: This involves liquid injection composed of – homeopathic substances, chondro-protectant medications such as Polysulfated Glycosaminoglycans or PSGAG and diluted vitamin B12, just to name a few. The liquid promotes a change in energy by moving tissues out of the way.

Moxibustion: The procedure involves applying heated Chinese herbal components to needles. Pets benefit from heat especially those that are older and are experiencing some joint pains or stiffness and muscle aches.

Electrostimulation (Estim): Electric current is applied to the body through needles that are inserted on acupuncture points. It relaxes muscle spasm and can help the body reestablish nerve impulses that were thrown out of balance through nerve damage such as in the case of spinal cord damage or nerve root damage resulting from a ruptured intervertebral disc.

Conditions Treated by Veterinary Acupuncture

There are various conditions that veterinary acupuncture can treat especially those that have pain and inflammation as symptoms.

Arthritis: This is a joint inflammation that can happen at any stage of life – juvenile, adult and senior. This creates physiological changes that result in pain.

Degenerative Joint Disease (DJD): This is the end result of arthritis, which leads to deformity of joint surfaces thus decreasing the joint’s ROM or range of motion and increasing pain.

Trauma: This can cause pain and inflammation that resulted from vehicular accidents, surgery, falling and animal fights.

Cancer: This results to swelling of tissue or organ enlargement, which leads to nausea, lethargy, decreased appetite and pain.

Metabolic Disease: Nausea, energy changes and changes in appetite resulting from Cushing’s disease, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, pancreatitis, kidney and liver failure, Addison’s disease etc.

Best Environment for Veterinary Acupuncture Procedure

House call is best for veterinary acupuncture to decrease physical and behavioral stress related to transporting the pet to and from the acupuncture facility. Even if your Puggle is normally over the moon to  meet new people, a home visit can make the experience more relaxing. It also reduces your pet’s exposure to infectious disease coming from other animals within the veterinary hospital.

Frequency of Veterinary Acupuncture Procedure

If your pet receives more frequent treatments, these will be tapered to lesser intervals for the purpose of maintenance. A lot of pets gain the benefits of acupuncture with one to three sessions every week within the first few weeks. The primary goal is to obtain the longest duration where the pet’s condition has improved or resolved.

The beneficial results of veterinary acupuncture are cumulative therefore consistency in treatment is recommended over intermittent treatment.

Why buy a dog?

Why own a dog?

Cavoodle puppy with white blaze

Most people know the answer to this question without even asking, especially if they grew up with dogs during their childhood. But apart from the obvious reason of just being a “dog person” what other benefits can dog ownership provide? Well, as it turns out, our furry companions have quite a lot of benefits that can make it a joy to share our lives with them.

Companionship is a major reason, and perhaps the most obvious, to own a dog for dog lovers around the world. If you want a companion who is always going to be overjoyed at seeing you then a dog is the best candidate. As dogs are almost always in a good mood they are excellent company to have for lifting your spirits when you’ve had a tough day at work, or are just feeling a little down.

You’ve always got an excellent excuse to stay active if you own a dog. Whether it be a game of catch, running the obstacle course at the dog park, going for a jog, or even just a walk around the park your dog will love every minute of it right alongside you. If you would otherwise struggle at finding a gym buddy then a dog could certainly help you out in that regard.

Dogs are also a great first line of defence for the family home. Sure, we can have our high tech alarm systems, but they can fail or be circumvented by crafty thieves. Dogs add an extra layer of challenge to would be intruders. Even smaller breeds such as Cavoodles and Pugaliers can make a racket when it comes to illegal entry into your home, alerting neighbours so they will at least look over the fence to see what all the fuss is about. Of course, some thieves will not be perturbed by dogs if they think the prize is worth it, but the vast majority will settle for an easier target if they notice a dog or two on the property.

Studies are now coming out indicating that children growing up with dogs do better at school and are more confident on average. You can also teach your children about responsibility and caring for something other than themselves. While a goldfish could teach your children these things they just aren’t as much fun as a Groodle, and a fish certainly isn’t happy to see you when you get home from work (at least it doesn’t show it).

While there are plenty of great reasons and benefits to owning a dog it’s not for everybody. Always consider carefully whether a dog should be in your life as you don’t want to get one only to have to find a home for it later on; this is challenging to do for older dogs and can potentially put their lives at risk if they end up at the pound. It’s quite the commitment to have a dog in your life as they live 10 – 15 years, but if you’re the type of person who can make that commitment then the payoff is definitely worth it.

Dogs know the look on your face

It has taken a while for scientists to find out what dog owners the world over already know : Dogs can read the emotions of people by the looks on their faces.

Chevromist Kennels Cavoodle puppy (Cavalier King Charles Spaniel X Poodle)While we know that some breeds including Cavoodles and Poochons have a better innate ability to read their owner’s emotional state that other breeds, dogs in general are great at reading body language. This study focused solely on different facial expressions.

A recent study published in Current Biology has found that dogs can tell the difference between happy and angry human faces. We were long thought to be the only species that can tell what the emotions of another species are based on the expression on their face. The researchers believe dogs also have this capability.

“We think the dogs in our study could have solved the task only by applying their knowledge of emotional expressions in humans to the unfamiliar pictures we presented to them,” says Corsin Müller of the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna.

Previous studies testing the ability of dogs to discriminate between the different human emotional expressions have been less than convincing. In this study the dogs were trained to recognise happy or angry expressions in the same person. Then they tested whether the dogs could apply this to new faces.

The dogs picked the right expression significantly more than what would be expected by guesswork or by chance.

 “Our study demonstrates that dogs can distinguish angry and happy expressions in humans, they can tell that these two expressions have different meanings, and they can do this not only for people they know well, but even for faces they have never seen before,” says Ludwig Huber, senior author and head of the group at the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna’s Messerli Research Institute.

What the exact understanding of the different expressions mean to the dogs is hard to tell by they do link the happy faces to positive feeling and the angry faces with negative ones.  When researchers tried to train angry faces with a reward, they found this very difficult. This suggests that the dogs already had a good idea from previous experience as to what an angry human face means for them. Probably that an angry face meant a good time to keep away from the angry person!

The researchers expect to gain important insights into the famous bond between humans and dogs, as well as into the emotional lives of animals in general according to Dr Müller.

5 tips to care for your Pugalier in winter

5 Simple Ways to take Care of Your Pugalier during winter

Cute Pugalier puppy on pink blanket

Do you live in a place where there is a winter season?

Unless you’re lucky enough to live in an area that has pleasant weather all year round, you and your dogs will experience the chill when winter comes. For most of us, we consider cold weather as bothersome and annoying. However, there are those that consider it as fun-filled season when they can go snowboarding, skiing and participate in other winter joys. There are also those that consider this season a nightmare.

Regardless of your point of view regarding this season, one of our main concerns in winter are our pets. Fortunately, there are simple ways to take care of your Pugalier during the cold days of winter. Here are some of these ways –

Keep Your Pugalier Inside

Even if your pet spends most of his time outside of the home, you might want to keep him inside the home during winter days especially if you live in excruciatingly cold places.

Provide a Warm Shelter for your Pugalier

If it is necessary for you to keep your Pugalier outside the home during winter, you should understand that his short fur coat may not be enough to protect him from cold elements. It is definitely not enough especially during winter days in climates where it snows. A warm, dry and comfortable shelter outside the home must be provided. The shelter must also comply with any state or local laws that may apply such as a limit on the height or size of dog house.

Offer Adequate Food

In order for the body to stay warm during cold days, it takes a lot of energy and fuel. Therefore, your pet would need to eat more during winter days. In addition to adequate food, a fresh and constant water supply is critical to keep your pet’s health in check. You should keep his water bowl filled and make sure that it has not turned into ice.

Adjust your Pugalier’s Diet Accordingly

If your Pugalier puppy is used to indoor life, he may have different dietary needs. He will conserve energy through sleeping more during winter, which means they will have less exercise time. Therefore, it is important that you adjust your Pugalier’s diet accordingly if you don’t want him to get overweight.

Prevent Frostbite

Frostbite is one of the serious problems your Pugalier can have during winter, which can be seen on the ears, tips of tails and paws. This makes keeping your pet warm and comfortable even more important especially when they are outdoor pets. You can find them clothing accessories such as coats, hats and booties when you’re taking him for a walk and always keep an eye out on frostbite warning signs such as blistering and firm and waxy skin.

Preparing for winter with your pet only takes common sense. If you get cold during winter, so does your pet. So, make sure that your pet is warm, dry and comfortable so the both of you can stay safe and healthy during winter.

Do you have any tips for caring for your dog in winter?

Let us all know by leaving a comment below

Care of Puggle puppies after minor surgery

I will give a basic guideline of the care you will be required to give for your puppy after they have had minor surgery such as a repair of a cherry eye or small hernia repair. It is always best to consult your veterinarian once the surgery has been carried out on your Puggle puppy as they are the ones who have performed the operation and know the particulars of your pet.

Chevromist fawn Puggle puppy on the baby blanket

Surgery requiring sutures

If your pet has sutures present after surgery then there are 2 options. If they are dissolvable stitches then there is usually no need for you to return to your veterinarian to have them removed as they will breakdown on their own and either fall out by themselves if they are external or be absorbed by your pet if they are internal. Sutures that are not dissolvable will need to be taken out after about 10 to 14 days after your puppy’s procedure. Your vet or their nurse will usually make an appointment for you when you collect your puppy, but ensure that you do have an appointment before you leave the clinic.

Feeding your puppy after they have had minor surgery

Usually your puppy will be able to have a small meal about 6 to 7 hours after you pick them up from the vet clinic. As tempting as it is to give your puppy lots of treats to make them feel better after their surgery as we do with a human friend or relative that has minor surgery, your puppy should be fed a small meal of its normal diet.

Monitoring your puppy after minor surgery

It is extremely important to closely monitor your puppy for the next 24 hours after you get them home to watch for signs that they are not recovering from their surgery. It is common for puppies to vomit after surgery as many of the medications used in surgical procedures can make them feel sick. If your puppy continues to vomit, continues to look unwell or seems to look worse than when you collected them from the vet clinic, you need to call the vet to ask their advice on what you need to do. This is why you should keep your vet’s number in a handy location at home or in your phone.

Looking after your puppy’s wound after minor surgery

Whether or not your puppy has stitches that you can see, it is very important that you keep the wound and the area surrounding the wound clean and dry. Do not bath your puppy or take them swimming for 10 to 14 days after their procedure or until the sutures are removed (if they are non-dissolvable). It is extremely important to monitor your puppy’s actions toward their wound because if they continually lick, chew, or rub at the stitches, the wound can break down and/or get infected. Call your vet if your puppy is doing any of these things as they may need to have an Elizabethan collar put on to stop them aggravating their wound. An Elizabethan Collar looks like a bucket has been placed over your puppy’s head.

Exercise for your puppy after minor surgery

It is best not to walk your puppy for the first week after their procedure and then short gentle walks for the next week after that unless advised otherwise by your vet. You can then gradually build up the length and intensity of your puppies exercise gradually to the point that they were up to before their operation.

Tips to Keep Your older Dog Healthy

The health requirements of a senior dog are different from those of younger dogs. The following tips should help you ensure your pet is healthy. Although Cavoodles are generally healthy dogs, they will still need extra care as they become senior citizens.

Chevromist chocolate Cavoodle puppy

Don’t Forget the Health Check-ups

Be sure to take your senior dog for regular visits with your veterinarian. It is highly recommended by most veterinarians that your dog gets examined twice yearly or more if your dog has any health issues that are serious. Serious health issues like kidney disease, heart disease, arthritis, dental disease can impact your pets comfort level and quality of life, and can be revealed as your vet thoroughly examines your pet.

Note Any Behavior Changes in Your Dog

Carefully monitoring your dog’s behavior is doubly important for your senior dog. Any observed change in the behaviour of your older dog can be a sign of or a symptom of a disease. You should carefully monitor changes in habits like water consumption and appetite, alterations in sleep habits, bowel and urinary habits etc. Sudden irritation without cause may be the result of pain your dog is going through, or visual or hearing difficulties. Consult your vet whenever there are any changes in your senior pet’s behaviours or routines.

Make it Easier for Your Dog to Get Around

Due to health issues including arthritis, your senior dog may find it quite difficult to get around as he/she did when he/she was a lot younger. You should therefore provide ramps on stairs to enable your dog to gain access to beds or furniture, but also to go up and down stairs with ease. Put carpeting on floors that are slippery to allow your dog to gain its footing. Your dog may also require some assistance getting in and out of the car too.

Choose an Age-Appropriate Diet for Your Dog

Offer your senior dog pet foods that are appropriate for its age, since its dietary requirements will likely change as it ages. Older pets that tend to gain weight may require pet foods for dogs that are less active. There are those dogs that tend to lose weight easily and will require diets with better palatability or a higher calorie content. Through diets, some of the diseases that older pets have may be controlled, or at least manipulated, so, based on your dog’s nutritional requirements, your vet can aid you in choosing a proper diet for your dog.

Modify Your Dog’s Bed

Our senior dogs will get better rest and sleep with soft blankets and towels provided for his bed or with orthopaedic beds designed for senior dogs. These beds provide a denser form that will cushion the senior dog’s aging joints and some can also be outfitted with a vibration and/or heat source to reduce stiffness and increase circulation, making them great for dogs experiencing arthritis.

The photo of this Chocolate Cavoodle puppy was provided by Chevromist Kennels.

5 tips for bath time fun with your Beaglier puppy

How to make a bath fun for your Beaglier

Regardless of whether you’re bathing a puppy or adult dog, it is always important to start positive new experiences as early as possible.

Chevormist tricolour Beaglier puppy on a sunny day

However, even if they are adults or still babies, it is not right to just toss them right into the tub full of water. You need to develop a strategy and create a plan so your pet will enjoy bath time for life. Regardless of whether your designer dog is a Beaglier with a short coat or a Cavoodle with a longer coat, you will still need to bath your dog from time to time.

Associate Bath Time with Playtime

You can give toys and play with your pet so he will associate bath time with play time. Bring in his favorite toys into the bathroom and teach them that they don’t need to be scared of the bathroom.

Remember, pets are like kids and they would want to have fun while taking their bath. You can try toys where treats can be hidden and put them on the tub. It would be great if you have treats that can sweeten the pet’s breath and clean their teeth while they are in the bath.

The right water temperature for puppy bath

Puppies are extremely sensitive to extreme temperatures (hot or cold). Therefore, it is imperative that you use lukewarm water so that their sensitive skin won’t get burned. For first time bathing, cold water can come as a surprise and hot water is outright dangerous. The water should be a comfortable temperature for you to keep your wrist in the water.

Have something for them to cling to

It is not necessary for you to use floating devices that are famous when teaching youngsters how to swim. For puppies who are going to bath for the first time, they will slide and scrabble off the porcelain tub, which can make bathing traumatic.

You can prepare a non-slip mat that the pet can cling onto to prevent them from sliding and scrambling around the tub. This way, bathing will not become traumatic and scary for them.

Use High Quality Bath Products

Fortunately, there are many high quality pet bath products available in the market today. Get your pet high quality essentials like conditioners, shampoos and spritzers, which are organically made using quality ingredients.

It doesn’t have to cost you much because you can still find high quality products at reasonable prices.

Give Your Pet Treats

You should always give your pets a healthy treat before, during and after bath time. You can give him homemade, organic, deliciously healthy treats. It doesn’t have to be too expensive since you can find treats that are affordable and just a few here and there is all that is needed.

So, there are five useful tips in having fun with your pets during bath time. Remember, always find whatever works both for you and your pet to avoid getting any headaches during bath time.

How to groom a Poochon

Grooming a Poochon

Poochons are a hybrid breed that combines the Poodle (usually toy but sometimes can be a miniature and a Bichon Frise. They are small dogs that resemble the Bichon with much more colour in their coat depending on the colour of the Poodle parent. The important thing to remember when grooming is that the Poochon’s coat is versatile and can be clipped like a Poodle or can be made frizzy and fluffy like a Bichon Frise. It’s all up to the owner as there are no set rules for this breed.

The more often the Poochon’s coat is brushed the less tangles and knots will build up in the coat. Clipping is the usual way to keep the coat tangle-free and lowers the amount of maintenance required significantly. A coat that is clipped short will not require much more regular maintenance than any other breed. How often you clip your dog’s coat is up to you and many owners find a length that they like the look of but is still very manageable.

Bathing is another part of the grooming requirements of a Poochon as with all other dogs, and this  non-shedding breed does not require any more baths than other breeds. In fact bathing a Poochon too often will strip all of the dog’s natural oils out of it’s coat and can leave the dkin dry and even itchy. Oat meal and emu oil shampoos work very well with non-shedding dogs and this breed is no exception. Once a month is the recommended frequency of baths but a dog living mainly indoors can be left for longer without bathing.

Steps to groom a Poochon

  1. Place the dog on a bench or other stable surface that is covered with a non-slip mat to minimise the chance of your dog accidentally falling off.
  2. You can reduce the static on your dog’s coat during brushing by spaying a bit of conditioner on the coat.
  3. Gently brush through the entire coat with a pin brush. It is important to brush all the way down to the skin with  Poochons as their wavy coat can have tangles close to the skin that can be missed with just a light surface brushing. This is the reason why pin brushed work so much better than slicker brushes for dogs with this type of coat.
  4. To ensure that the whole dog is groomed properly, it is important to work systematically. Start with the legs and work your way to the chest then up to the head and then down the body until you finish at the dog’s tail.
  5. The style you choose is up to you but if you want the classic pom pom look of the Poodle or even if you just want to clip the coat to a shorter length, you should use a set of electric clippers to make the job faster as well as safer for your dog. One tip is to start at the head (unless this is the first time the dog is being clipped) and work your way to the tail so that your dog is likely to be more tolerant of the grooming process in the beginning of the session.
  6. After all the clipping is done, use a warm wet cloth to wipe away as much excess tear staining as possible.
  7. You can now bathe your Poochon as normal and towel dry at the end to remove as much excess water before blow drying the coat to both completely dry it and to remove any remaining hair that was clipped off but remained in the coat.

How to train a Shihpoo puppy to not chew furniture

Training your Shihpoo puppy

Well behaved Shihpoo puppy

There is more involved in training your puppy and making it a compatible and friendly member of the household than simply housebreaking, which is usually the focus of most puppy training. Chewing is part of the developmental stage that helps strengthen both teeth and jaw, so puppies love chewing. Not only do they love it, they need to do it as a healthy part of growing up. We just don’t want them chewing on our stuff!

It is useless to try to prevent a puppy from chewing altogether but you can make sure he’s not chewing on items like furniture and shoes instead of on her toys and other appropriate things. Luckily for small dog breeds such as the Shihpoo, their chewing is not very destructive! But larger breeds can destroy items in a short period of time.

The following are a few instructions on training a puppy not to chew your furniture.

Step 1:

Monitor your pup closely to figure out how and when he’s drawn towards your furniture. Is it when he’s playing and exploring? Bored? When there are no toys around or when he’s feeling ignored or neglected? You can correct this bad habit easily if you observe your dog’s behaviour and take steps to alleviate the underlying issue causing her to chew your furniture.

Step 2:

Before your puppy gets close to your furniture, or if you find him already chewing on your furniture, distract him by making a noise or throwing a toy to him to chase. Use the short attention span of puppies to your advantage in this case! Always give them a more interesting option.

Step 3:

Pups do not chew to be deliberately destructive and have little sense of looking after their things to make them last. Dogs live for the moment and right then they need to chew! They also chew to hone chewing and bitting skills – an instinctive behaviour they once needed to survive. So give him lots of quality toys particularly meant for chewing and when it has enough of these, it won’t have any interest in chewing any “forbidden” things.

Step 4:

When the pup cannot be supervised or no one’s home, keep him in a kennel or confined to a small space in the house so he doesn’t have the option of roaming freely in the house and chewing on thousands of objects, or discovering any new spot in which to have “accidents” and leave a mess.

Step 5:

Positive reinforcements usually encourage good behavior so when your puppy, is going for your furniture, but instead picks up a chew toy to play and chew, excessively praise it.

Step 6:

If your puppy just cannot stop chewing on your furniture, take note of the places he’s normally drawn to. Get a bitter spray from a pet store and apply on the legs, arms and fabric of your furniture. The smell and taste of the spray should disinterest and repel your pet from further chewing on your furniture.

Puggle Puppy Training

Puggle Puppy Training

Puggle puppy learning to sit

The Beagle’s intrinsic sense of hunt and natural urge to pursue any moving thing makes training a big challenge. It was picked and bred because of its exceptional sense of smell and congenial personality because it descends from a long line of English hunting hounds. Pugs on the other hand are just about the complete opposite of this and have been bred to be little companions. Your Puggle puppy will be a very good companion and form a loyal bond with your family, and though it may be a little challenging at the start to get their attention, training will be quite rewarding. The key is to be persistent and use positive rewards such as food treats where possible.

Walking your Puggle

Many breeds easily adapt to a walking lead and Puggles are no exception. However they may walk with their nose so close to the pavement, it’ll be distracted by almost every strange smell along the sidewalk as it takes an interest in every scent. So it is wise to begin leash training your puppy immediately. This will usually fade over time but this behaviour does add to the mental stimulation of the walk for your Puggle.

You may be able to stop your puppy from sniffing the ground constantly by keeping a rapid walking pace without having to pull him along. You can either hold a treat in a closed hand for rewards or carry it in your pocket to make the reluctant puppy walk along.

Housebreaking a Puggle

Until your Puggle puppy gets to about 4 months old, it may be difficult for it to control its bladder for more than a few hours per time so you should begin housebreaking your puppy the minute you bring him home. Keep him in a particular spot frequently in the yard outdoors.

You should include preventing “accidents” that leave behind odours into your house training due to its acute sense of smell, signalling to your puppy that he should do his business in the same designated spot. This can be done more easily by restricting your puppy to a small area of the house, such as a laundry, that has a floor that can be washed. In cases of accidents, transfer the faeces or a paper towel soaked with urine to his potty spot, outdoor. What he’s meant to do will be reinforced by his sense of smell.

Puggle Obedience

Continuous daily reinforcement and constancy in training is a necessity in the reduction of your puppy’s inherent desire to ignore you and do his own thing. At every point where it is not distracted, your puppy will do all it can to please and obey you as you are it’s primary focus. Instead of punishing and scolding your Puggle for being distracted, make use of positive reinforcement with food to keep his attention on you during training sessions.

Barking Puggles

When putting a Puggle in a kennel or yard outside, Puggle noise may be a disturbance that you want to reduce and preferably eliminate altogether. Your Puggle may like to bay (that’s natural for Beagles) together with its ability to bark. This can be very annoying to neighbours. The main reason for barking in any breed though is boredom, so ensure your puppy has plenty of stimulation to keep him busy when you are not around. To further discourage your Puggle from baying or barking, make use of a citronella collar. This collar releases a small squirt of citronella that’s harmless every time he barks. The collar should be taken off when indoors, on walks, close to a noisy playground or in a loud street traffic (so you don’t punish your dog without cause when the noise inadvertently set the collar off).

What Are the Causes of Dogs Vomiting?

Fawn Puggle puppy enjoying the day

What Are the Causes of Dogs Vomiting?

Discovering the actual cause of vomiting, which is a common occurrence in dogs, can be quite tricky. The reasons or causes may range from the potentially fatal to the relatively harmless and factors to be considered include the severity, frequency and the presence of other added symptoms.

Isolated Cases

Your dog’s case of vomiting may be an isolated incident e.g. it’s possible your Puggle had too much food at once or perhaps ate too fast. You do not have any need for concern if your dog’s energy levels, bowel movements and appetite remain normal after it vomits. To prevent this problem, you may only need to reduce the amount of food you give your dog at once.

Severe Cases

The cause of your dog’s vomiting, if it is frequent and severe, could be a foreign object that was swallowed when digging through the garbage. It’s also possible that this object causing its intestinal obstruction may have been digested mistakenly, especially if your dog is an ardent chewer of random objects. You’ll be able to confirm if there’s a blockage through x-rays conducted by your vet. To prevent this kind of occurrences, carefully choose your dog’s toys leaving out any item that can be broken into bits and place your garbage cans in areas your dog can’t easily access and securely closed.

Chronic Cases

In cases of recurring or chronic vomiting, though infrequent, it may be that your dog is suffering from grave medical conditions like liver disease, stomach cancer or kidney failure. You should inform your vet of any histories or occurrences of dehydration, diarrhoea and lethargy, and any changes in frequencies of urination, thirst and appetite to enable the vet to make more accurate diagnoses.

Treatment

The cause of vomiting determines the form of treatment. Home remedies can cater for mild upsets. Your dog may require antibiotics treatment in cases of viral or bacterial infections. Bland, starchy foods like boiled potatoes or rice can help relieve nausea. Cancer would require chemotherapy or surgery which would also be required if it’s a foreign object causing an obstruction. Treatment of pancreatitis and kidney failure can be aided by dietary changes.

Warning

Your dog may be experiencing a life-threatening emergency when it has dry heaves, which is characterized by continual retching and there’s either very little or no food coming up at all. Unsuccessful vomiting, weakness, distended abdomen, pale gums are symptoms of bloat. This occurs on occasions where the stomach swells as a result of too much air, food and in some cases, fluid. This results in the stomach twisting, cutting off the supply of blood to vital organs leading to extreme pain. This can be very fatal in only a few hours and so requires immediate medical attention.

What Causes Hair Loss in Dogs?

Fawn Pugalier on a sunny day

What Causes Hair Loss in Dogs?

Allergies

Allergic dermatitis can easily result from just a single bite from a flea. This severe reaction to the flea’s saliva results in hot spots, infections, itching, and redness. One flea medication most vets recommend is Frontline. Hot spots, which can also be triggered by insect bites, can occur in breeds of dogs that have thick long hair with long, oily coats. These raw areas become itchy and inflamed. The breeds in question include Golden Retrievers, Cocker Spaniels, Chows, and Akitas. Short coated breeds such as the Pugalier and Puggle are far less susceptible to hot spots. Hair loss, rough hair, and itching can be caused by lice and can be treated using Permethin. Itching all over can also be caused by food allergies. You should put your dog on a prescription trial for about 2 to 3 months if your dog has food allergies. These should include smaller protein molecules that won’t trigger the immune system. Anine atopy is another type of allergy that causes itching and hair loss due to some allergens including pollen. Another type of allergy that is common in shelties and collies is solar dermatitis, a reaction to sunlight resulting in scales on the nose and ears, hair loss and redness.

Infections and Fungus

Grooming a dog with clippers or combs that were used on an infected animal or mere contact can make a dog get infected with the fungus, ringworm, which weakens hair shafts and makes them begin to break off. It can be treated using topical iodine applications or Fluconozole. A parasite living in the hair and oil glands of a dog’s skin causes Mange and it is treated using ivermectin. Another infection, Folliculitis, is a bacterial infection of hair follicles (like staph). You should give your dog antibiotics for a minimum of four weeks to effectively treat it.

Conditions and Diseases

The most common hormonal disease that results in hair loss in dogs is the decrease in the thyroid hormone known as hypothyroidism. Their hair become brittle and dry, there’s a possibility of seborrhea, and also obesity. The dog will require thyroid medication throughout its lifetime. Diabetic dogs that develop skin infections resulting in hair loss will require dietary change and insulin. Dermatitis induced by boredom, stress of nervousness is a common thing when dogs are left alone at home while owners are away, often at work. It’s hard to cure when it occurs in older and obese pets. Use behaviour modifying medication where the underlying cause of it cannot be resolved to prevent dogs from biting and licking until all of their hair’s gone. An increase of corticosteroids in a dog’s body can result in Cushing’s disease and this can either be treated using Mitotane or by removing tumors through surgery.

Why do puppies get constipated?

Constipation in Puppies

A new puppy owner can often think that constipation is the last thing that will affect their new puppy who seems to always need to relieve themselves, constipation in puppies will happen from time to time. Usually though this is an issue for the older dog more than it is for a young puppy and smaller breeds such as the Poochon seem to be affected a bit more than larger breeds. It is important to be able to recognise the symptoms early and treat it or constipation can become a real problem for your dog. Understanding the causes will help you prevent this uncomfortable condition from occurring.

Apricot Poochon Puppy in the sun

Recognizing Constipation in puppies

It’s uncommon to find constipation in young dogs but it happens, and it’s vital that when it does, you are able to recognize the signs. Your puppy will need your help if it doesn’t have bowel movements. What you should be on the lookout for should include having small, dry and hard bowel movements at very irregular periods or a straining to the bathroom but having no success at all. A constipated puppy will usually have a hard abdomen due to the build up of faeces it it’s bowels.

What causes constipation in puppies?

A diet low in fibre is the most common cause of constipation in puppies but hairballs are also another common cause of constipation in puppies. Ingestion of hairballs, which then balls up inside the intestinal tracts causing the occurrence of a blockage, is a constant thing for pups that constantly lick themselves. This is more likely in breeds with longer hair due to the increased amount of hair the dog may ingest while grooming themselves.

Also, since puppies are known to eat a lot of weird things with the inclusion of plastic bags and plastic toys, constipation can result from anything that causes a blockage of their bowels. This is the most serious form, as often your puppy will need veterinary treatment to remove what is causing the blockage. Some of the medications the puppies take, such as pain relievers after desexing can also add to the causes of constipation. He hair around the anus of puppies with long hair may cause difficulties in passing bowel movements if the hair gets matted it blocks the anus and constipation may be the result.

An often overlooked, cause of constipation in puppies is dehydration. Our bowels, as well as our puppies bowels, need large amounts of water to keep everything moving along as it should and is a bit like the lubrication for the bowels.

Prevention

As the owner of the puppy, it is vital that you take control at the first indication of trouble. Ensure that non-food materials aren’t digested, and this includes their toys and any packaging around the house. Monitoring everything your puppy gets in contact with will go a long way in preventing your puppy from eating anything they shouldn’t. Keep your dog’s hair trimmed around it’s bottom if it’s a long-hair breed to prevent a blockage at that end. Constipation should not be a problem if you your puppy gets a steady, good quality diet that is high in fibre, is well hydrated, and gets the appropriate daily exercise.

The Easiest Way to Potty Train a Puppy

Cream Moodle puppy having a cuddle

Pay Attention.

Yes! Paying attention and watching for signals are some of the easiest ways to potty train your puppy. Ensure your Moodle puppy is in places around the house where you can always see him even if that means closing doors or using baby gates to prevent your puppy from wandering off and going potty in the house. You should quickly scoop up your puppy and move him outside the moment you observe he’s starting to squat or sniffing in circles inside the house.

Puppies will always need to go potty soon after they’ve eaten or drunk something so you should take him out within about ten minutes of eating or drinking. Consult with your breeder or vet on the amount and frequency of your puppy’s feeding habit and be in control of it. You don’t need to give him a full bowl all the time. And when your puppy is outside after eating, just wait and allow him to do what he needs to do.

Consistency and Praise

In situations where you are unavailable for extended periods and can’t watch him as a result, you should think about crate training him. Crate-trained puppies finally begin appreciating the security and safety of their crate like the dens of their ancestors though it may initially feel like imprisonment.

The crate you pick shouldn’t be for punishing your puppy or as a “time out” corner; it should be large enough for him to turn around and stand in. The safety and comfort of your puppy should be on the top of your mind when getting one and because puppies rarely use their crate to potty, they can be left in the crate for 3 to 4 hours because they’ll learn to hold it in while they’re in their crate. Make him potty outside before putting him in the crate and the minute you return, take out to potty again as you’re letting him out of the crate.

Crate Training a puppy

To key factor that’ll enable your puppy to learn to alert you to his need to go potty are consistency and repetition. Taking him through the same door to the same area of your backyard each time you take him out to go potty will help teach him to go through that door anytime he wants to potty.

Potty pads (which are lined pads which carry a scent that puppies are attracted to when they want to go potty) can be a good inclusion in potty training your puppy. Drop a clean potty pad close to the door you want your puppy to use in alerting you to his need to potty.

You should use the word you desire your puppy to associate with going to potty every time he goes out to potty or when you’re expecting him to go potty. For instance, if “You’re a great puppy! Go potty there!” is the phrase you want, repeat that every time. He’ll quickly be trained to know what’s expected of him, which in this case, is to go to the appropriate spot to potty.

Lastly, since dogs have a desire to please their owners, he’ll be bound to repeat the very action that caused him to be loved and praised so whenever he goes to potty in the right area, praise him. Even in cases where he began going inside but you brought him out to potty, when he’s done, praise him for a great potty training session.

Are dogs colourblind?

Are Dogs Colour-blind?

 

Sable Maltese X ShihTzu puppy in the patio

It is a common assumption by many dog owners that their pups are blind to colours or colour-blind. This is not an entirely correct notion because these pets do not view the world in black and white though their colour vision differs from that of humans. The science behind our dogs’ vision and what we can do to help their eyesight are as follows:

 

Colours Dogs Can See

 

According to the Optics and Physiology of Vision the richness of vision is dependent on the amount colour cones (where colour vision is based- specifically the amount of pigment found in the retina), and the degree of their overlap. Humans have three classes of cones and are therefore trichromatic. Dogs on the other hand, are dichromatic because their eyes contain just two classes of cones containing a photo pigment that allows them to see colour.

Dogs and horses, like most colour blind people are missing either their green or red photo pigment according to the Optics and Physiology of Vision.  Documenting dogs’ capabilities of seeing can be challenging though we know they do have those capabilities. Their capacity to differentiate between colours is not like ours because their greens are muted, but they’re able to select toys based off of colours says Fahrer Christin, Diplomate ACVO, MS, DVM.

Despite the fact that dogs do not perceive colours like humans do, they do not appear to be affected negatively by this apparent lack in colour perception. According to William Miller Diplomate ACVO, MS, DVM, dogs are able to see longer light wavelengths in low conditions of light. And this is something that carries great benefits for any predator hunting in conditions like that.

Do Dogs Really Require Colour Vision?

“A dog’s retina is built to focus on movement for survival so for as long as they can focus on a prey running, they don’t care what they colour of the prey is – brown or blue or green. Therefore dogs’ colour vision is good enough for them. It’s like a gift – we don’t know if they’re really in need of colour vision to function.” says Dr Fahrer.

Also, according to Dr Fahrer, a dog’s sense of smell is powerful enough that visual cues are often superseded by it. When we offer foods or intend to give a treat to our dogs, we know how to use this to our favour. We can also learn to use this – visual cues – to enhance playtime with our dogs. High colour contrast balls and toys – orange and neon – are superb options to use when you play with your dog.

Good healthcare –

Feeding your dog a balanced, healthy diet and giving your dog proper exercise are among the best things you can do for your dog’s vision and wellbeing, according to Dr Miller who also said that there is some anecdotal evidence to support retinal boosting by feeding antioxidants. But his major recommendation in looking after your dog’s eyesight is a good diet and good veterinary care.

3 Diseases You Need to Watch Out for in Puppies

Chocolate wool coat Labradoodle puppy

3 Diseases You Need to Watch Out for in Puppies

Your puppy is young and seems defenseless, which makes you want to protect him. The first way to protect his health is feeding him a healthy and balanced diet. This way, you allow him to build a good immune system to fight off common diseases that he is likely to get. It also allows for faster recovery.

Nonetheless, it is helpful to know that you can’t possibly protect him from everything. Here are three common diseases you should watch out for in the puppy’s first years of life –

Parvovirus (Parvo)

Parvovirus is a highly contagious virus that infects puppies of all ages. It can be transmitted through bodily secretions and most puppies are vaccinated at the age of six to eight weeks of age then every four weeks until they are 16 weeks old or until recommended by vets. Vaccination and isolation from areas where other dogs have been is the only way to protect your puppy from this horrible disease.

Signs and Symptoms: Parvo starts with fever followed by a drop of temperature. This is the time when the puppies are highly contagious to other dogs. Vomiting and large amounts of bloody diarrhea will ensue, where the dog will become weak and dehydrated.

Treatment and Management: If you haven’t already, and your dog is healthy, take your puppy for vaccination against parvovirus. This saves you from the expenses of the puppy’s hospitalization, where IV fluids and drugs are given. The disease is fatal if not treated immediately.

Recovery Period: The recovery period takes at least three days to one week. The puppy will be hospitalized for three to four days and allowed to go home to complete medications.

Kennel Cough

Airborne organisms like bacteria and parainfluenza viruses can cause kennel cough otherwise known as infectious tracheobronchitis. The term is a misnomer because even when your puppy or dog is not in kennel they can still be infected with it. Vaccination against kennel cough is available and is given at the age of ten to twelve weeks followed by once a year (every 12 months). Even though the vaccine cannot protect your puppy from every strain of organism that can cause kennel cough, it can reduce the likelihood of catching the more common varieties significantly.

Signs and Symptoms: The disease begins with lethargy, fever and reduced appetite. The puppies will then develop deep and productive cough. If this remains untreated, it can result in pneumonia but usually the disease is of low severity and dogs will make a full recovery.

Treatment and Management: If your puppy develops unusual and persistent coughing, take him to your vet immediately to get him checked out.

Recovery Period: The disease can last 10-14 days.

Leptospirosis

This is a bacterial disease that can damage the kidneys and liver. It is transmitted through the infected urine of rodents and water contaminated by this urine. There is a vaccination available, which is given at 6-12 weeks of age followed by another a few weeks later. Always remember that not all vet clinics will vaccinate against leptospirosis so make sure you ask your vet if it is necessary for your puppy.

Signs and Symptoms: The symptoms of leptospirosis are similar to flu, which includes vomiting, lethargy and fever but can include other symptoms. If you suspect your puppy may have Leptospirosis, take them to a vet to get checked out.

Treatment and Management: Antibiotic treatment is available.

Recovery Period: The antibiotic regimen is given for four weeks or more depending on how severe the disease is.

4 Ways to tell if your dog food is worth the price

Young Groodle puppy after breakfast

4 ways to tell if your dog food is worth the price

How to Choose the Best Dog Food for the Right Price

We all want to save money by spending less on many things but is it alright to compromise on your dog’s food? Compromising on the dog’s food is one of the most unfair things to do to your loyal pet. Your dog is a good friend and member of your family, who deserves healthy meals so that he remains healthy for years. The question is – how do you know that the dog food you’re feeding him is worth the price?

High Quality and Balanced Nutrients

According to Tony Buffington, DVM, PhD – a Professor in Veterinary Clinical Sciences at the OSUVMC (OhioStateUniversityVeterinaryMedicalCenter) – all animals need water as well as energy from carbohydrates, fat and protein sources. As long as it provides enough and balanced nutrients for absorption, whatever the brand of dog food it is becomes irrelevant for your pet’s health.

Balanced nutrients are essential because they improve metabolism, according to Joe Bartges, DVM, PhD – The University of Tennessee’s College of Veterinary Medicine Professor. In dog foods without enough carbohydrates but high levels of protein will result in some of the protein stores being used as source of energy. It is important that a balance of nutrients is achieved in your dog’s diet. This is why manufacturers of good quality pet foods hire experienced and knowledgeable veterinary nutritionists so that ingredients are selected to provide a complete food for your dog.

Qualified Nutritionists’ Formulation

It is not easy to formulate high quality dog food and it takes a qualified nutritionist to make the formulation right. Making sure that the balance of nutritional values is achieved through the proper selection of ingredients is essential. It doesn’t matter whether it will take more than 50 ingredients if that’s what it is necessary to achieve this balance and maintaining the dog’s health should be the priority. Manufacturing companies will also submit their products for feeding trials before releasing their product onto the market.

Manufactured with Strict QC (Quality Control)

For pet food manufacturers, the quality and safety of their pet food are their main concerns and some manufacturing companies have their own facility where they manufacture their products in order to tightly control the quality of their product. On-site manufacturing allows for better QC or quality control since they have complete control of the sources of ingredients and the processes involved in manufacture.

For instance, dog foods manufactured on-site can be stored at the factory until the results of trials confirm that they have met the safety guidelines before releasing to the market. This will lessen the likelihood of recalling the pet food from the market due to contamination of Salmonella or Aflatoxin.

You can read the product label of your dog’s food and look for the term manufactured “by” instead of “for” or “distributed by.” If you think that there is a quality or safety problem with the dog food you are using, stop feeding your dog with it and get in touch immediately with the manufacturer as well as your vet so that the problem can be reported.

Specific and Appropriate

When we talk about specific and appropriate, the dog food must be based on the activity level, age, breed, and weight and health condition of the dog being fed the food. For instance, the “all life stage” food is formulated to meet the nutritional guidelines implemented by AAFCO Pet Food Nutrient Profiles. It may seem appropriate for all dogs in all life stages but there are some older dogs that will receive higher nutrients than necessary, which may result in health issues.

All of this can be overwhelming especially with the many pet foods that you can choose from. If it seems confusing, don’t just guess, seek the opinion of the breeder and/or your veterinarian. Your vet can help you find a dog food that is appropriate for your dog if they have any special nutritional requirements. Getting high quality dog food now will save you a lot of money from health expenses later on.

If you have any tips or advise for the dog community please let us know in the comments below

5 reasons why age specific diets are essential for your dog’s health

Tan and white Beaglier with his best foot forward

5 reasons why age specific diets are essential for your dog’s health

Just like for people, a complete and balanced diet is important for our pets. However, specific nutritional needs will change a lot faster in dogs due to their rapid maturity. For example, a growing puppy will have different nutritional requirements than full grown dogs, and especially those that have an active lifestyle. This means to say that as your pets grow older their nutritional requirements will also change.

Here are reasons why improving your pet’s health will require an age specific diet –

Growth Support:

Puppies are growing fast and hence they require foods that are rich in protein as well as high amounts of calories as opposed to full grown dogs. They have specific nutritional requirements to meet the demands of their growth. When these requirements are not met, the growth of your pet may be interrupted or your pet may become undernourished. This is even more important in larger breeds that have a tremendous growth rate.

Improve Mental Acuity:

Puppies and kittens require DHA or docosahexaenoic acid, which is a form of fatty acid that promotes enhancement of your pet’s mental acuity. According to recent studies, puppies and kittens that eat foods containing DHA tend to be more trainable. Good quality dry foods will contain DHA as part of their ingredient list on the back of the packaging.

Fights Obesity:

Age specific diets can help fight obesity. As seen in humans, obesity is the most common condition suffered by many people and the same is true with our dogs. Incorrect feeding according to age is one of the most common reasons. For instance, full grown dogs, especially those with sedentary lifestyles, may become overweight or obese if fed with foods especially formulated with higher fat levels made for puppies and kittens. Overfeeding will also result in obesity.

Improves Reproductive Health:

Female dogs, which are either nursing or pregnant, have different nutritional needs than pets with no active reproduction. For pregnant and nursing pets, the mother dog eats for itself and her puppies. If her needs are not met, the puppies will suffer because the mother pet won’t have enough milk or a milk without all the essential nutrients to feed her puppies. This may lead to nutritional deficiency, which may potentially cause disease in the youngsters. For instance, calcium deficiency may cause eclampsia – a condition that causes seizures, tremors and death for the mother of the puppies.

Old Age:

Old pets have different nutritional demands, too. For pets that have movement issues, they will especially benefit from foods that are rich in glucosamine or essential fatty acids like EPA and DHA. These pets can suffer from medical conditions like heart disease as they get older if feed a diet formulated for young animals. The management of many old age diseases will be helped greatly with proper nutrition.